9. Begin a sentence with an absolute phrase.
An absolute phrase consists of:
a noun + a participle (+ any other modifiers)
Ex. Fangs glistening, the large dog crept up behind the robber.
Legs pumping wildly, the cyclist flew across the finish line.
A comma should follow the absolute phrase.
10. Begin a sentence with an adverb.
An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs answer the following questions:
How (quickly, neatly)
To what degree (very)
*There are exceptions, but the vast majority of words ending in –ly are adverbs. Not all adverbs, however, end in –ly.
Ex. Surprisingly, my team was winning.
Meanwhile, my brother’s team was losing.
Now we’re best friends.
After an introductory adverb, you will usually need a comma. There are, however, some exceptions.