Endorsement Options

Endorsements

  • All students are required to declare an endorsement in writing prior to entering the 9th grade. Students will be permitted to change their endorsement with counselor guidance.

    There are five endorsement options, which allow students flexibility based on individual interests and career goals. Each endorsement category is designed to prepare students to successfully enter postsecondary education or the workforce upon graduation from high school.

    The endorsement and the career areas to which they correspond are as listed below:

    - STEM – Science, including Computer Science; Technology; Engineering and Mathematics;

    - PUBLIC SERVICES – Education and Training; Government and Public Administration; Health Science; Human Services; and Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security;

    - BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY – Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources; Architecture and Construction; Business Management and Administration; Finance; Hospitality and Tourism; Information Technology; Manufacturing; Marketing; Transportation; and Journalism, including broadcast journalism, newspaper, and public speaking;

    - ARTS AND HUMANITIES – Fine Arts; Economics with Emphasis on Free Enterprise; English Language Arts; and Languages Other than English;

    - MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDIES – Allows students to take courses in several endorsement areas as listed

STEM (Science Technology Engineering Math)

  • STEM requires the completion of Algebra 2, Chemistry, and Physics

    Mathematics: (Choose 2) (for a total of 5 math credits including Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2)

    Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Engineering Mathematics, AP Calculus, DC Math (2 courses), Advanced Quantitative Reasoning

    Science: (Choose 2) (for a total of 5 science credits including Biology, Chemistry and Physics)

    AP Physics 1, AP Physics 2, AP Biology, DC Science (2 courses), Anatomy and Physiology, Forensics, Aviation, AP Chemistry, AP Environmental, Aquatics, Environmental, Advanced Animal Science, Astronomy

    Engineering: Choose 4, with at least one advanced choice: Intro to Engineering Design Engineering Science* Aerospace* Civil Engineering and Architecture* Engineering Design and Development*

    *Denotes advanced courses for endorsement requirement only

Arts and Humanities

  • Arts and Humanities requires the completion of one additional mathematics course and one additional science course

    Social Studies: Choose 5 credits (3 are part of FHSP)

    World Geography, AP Human Geography, World History (includes AP), US History (includes AP and DC), US Government (includes AP and DC), Economics (includes AP and DC), AP European History, Psychology, Sociology

    English: Choose 4 credits (for a total of 7 English credits)

    English IV (includes AP and DC), Creative Writing, Humanities, Communication Applications (1/2 credit), AP English Literature and Composition, Literary Genres

    Languages Other than English: Choose 4 levels of the same language or 2 levels from 2 different languages:

    • Spanish
    • French
    • American Sign Language (cannot be split)

    Dance: Four levels of Dance

    Music: Four levels of Music, Band, or Choir

    Theatre Arts: Four levels of Theatre Arts, Technical Theatre, or Theatre Production

    Art: Art 1 and Choose 3 credits in the same discipline:

    • Art 2 Drawing
    • Art 2 Painting
    • Art 2 Photo
    • Art 2 Ceramics
    • Art 2 Print Design
    • Art 2 Fiber Arts
    • Honors Art 3 Drawing
    • Honors Art 3 Painting
    • Honors Art 3 Print Design
    • Art 3 Photo
    • Art 3 Ceramics
    • Art 3 Fiber Arts
    • AP Art 4 Drawing
    • AP Art 4 Two-Dimensional Design
    • Honors Art 4 Advanced Photography
    • Art 4 Ceramics

Public Services

  • Public Services requires the completion of one additional mathematics course and one additional science course

    Health Science: Choose 3 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Health Science
    • Medical Terminology*
    • Pharmacology
    • Health Science Theory*
    • Health Science Clinical
    • Practicum in Health Science (EMT or CNA)*
    • Anatomy and Physiology*

    Plus one additional CTE Credit

    Education and Training: Choose 3 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Child Development
    • Principles of Education and Training
    • Instructional Practices*
    • Practicum in Education and Training*

    Plus one additional CTE Credit

    Childcare/Daycare Sequence: Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Education and Training
    • Dollars and Sense
    • Interpersonal Studies
    • Child Development (Daycare Assistants)
    • Family and Community Services*
    • Child Guidance*

    Law Public Safety, Corrections, and Securities: Choose 3 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Securities
    • Law Enforcement I
    • Law Enforcement II*
    • Forensic Science*
    • Court Systems and Practices*
    • Practicum in Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security*

    Plus one additional CTE Credit

    JROTC: Four courses in JROTC

    *Denotes advanced courses for endorsement requirement only

Business and Industry

  • Business and Industry requires the completion of one additional mathematics course and one additional science course

    Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources:

    Vet Med Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Ag, Food, and Natural Resources
    • Livestock Production
    • Small Animal Management
    • Equine Science
    • Veterinary Medical Applications*
    • Advanced Animal Science*
    • Practicum in Ag, Food, and Natural Resources (Vet Med)

    Horticulture Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Ag, Food, and Natural Resources
    • Greenhouse Operation and Production
    • Horticulture*
    • Floral Design
    • Mathematical Applications in Ag, Food, and Natural Resources*
    • Practicum in Ag, Food, and Natural Resources*

    Welding Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Ag, Food, and Natural Resources
    • Ag Mechanics and Metal Tech
    • Agricultural Structures Design and Fabrication*
    • Practicum in Welding*

    Arts A/V Technology:

    Graphics Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Arts and A/V
    • Graphic Design and Illustration 1
    • Graphic Design and Illustration 2*
    • Practicum in Graphic Design and Illustration*

    Video Production Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Arts and A/V
    • Audio Video Production 1
    • Audio Video Production 2*
    • Practicum in A/V Production*

    Business Management and Administration:

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Business, Marketing, and Finance
    • Banking and Financial Services
    • Business Information Management 1
    • Accounting 1
    • Accounting 2*
    • Financial Analysis*

    Marketing:

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice

    • Principles of Business, Marketing, and Finance
    • Advertising and Sales
    • Sports and Entertainment Marketing
    • Entrepreneurship*
    • Practicum in Marketing*
    • One additional CTE credit

    *Denotes advanced courses for endorsement requirement only

    Information Technology:

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Information Technology
    • Computer Programming 1
    • Computer Programming 2*
    • Practicum in Information Technology*
    • One additional CTE credit

    Hospitality and Tourism:

    Culinary Arts Sequence

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Principles of Hospitality and Tourism
    • Introduction to Culinary Arts
    • Culinary Arts*
    • Advanced Culinary Arts*
    • Practicum in Culinary Arts*

    Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics:

    Choose 4 credits, with at least one advanced choice:

    • Automotive Basics
    • Small Engine Technology
    • Automotive Technology 1: Maintenance and Light Repair*
    • Practicum in Transportation Systems*

    Advanced Journalism/Yearbook:

    Choose 3 courses from:

    • Journalism/Yearbook 1
    • Journalism/Yearbook 2
    • Journalism/Yearbook 3

    Choose 1 additional English Course

    Public Speaking:

    Choose 3 courses from:

    • Debate 1
    • Debate 2
    • Debate 3

    Choose 1 additional English Course

    *Denotes advanced courses for endorsement requirement only.

Multidisciplinary Studies

  • Multidisciplinary Studies requires the of completion one additional mathematics course and one additional science course

    4 Advanced Courses: Choose 4 Advanced Courses from

    • AP Courses
    • DC Courses
    • Other Advanced Courses not in a coherent sequence

    4 Advanced Placement or Dual Credit Courses: Choose 4 AP/DC Courses from

    • One AP/DC English Course
    • One AP/DC Math Course
    • One AP/DC Social Studies Course
    • One AP/DC Science Course
    • One AP/DC Languages other than English
    • One AP/DC Fine Arts

    4 Credits in Foundation Areas: Choose 4 Advanced Courses from

    • English 4
    • Chemistry
    • Physics
    • Additional Math
    • Additional Social Studies